part of the Citizenship Application Letter for Benjamin Brashear dated Dec 4, 1662
Benjamin Benois Brassieur
b. before 1620 France
d. 1662 Calvert CO., MD
m. Mary Richford abt 1646
b. ? probably England(Benois apparently paid her passage as a teenager) [Brashear 23]
d. about 1667 Calvert Co., MD (will probated in 16680
her father: ? mother: ?
her 2nd m. Thomas Sterling/Starling after 25 July 1663 before 2 August 1663
d. abt 1685
|Robert Brasseur/Brashear*||b. 1646 MD||d. 1712 Prince Georges Co., Maryland||1m. ? (mother of his children)
2m. Mrs. Alice Jackson (widow Thomas Jackson)
|Benjamin Brasseur/Brashear jr*|| b.1648 Nansemond Co., VA
||d. Feb 1675 Calvert Co., MD
||unmarried (left his estate to sister Martha|
|John Brasseur/Brashear*||b. c1650 Nansemond Co., VA||d.1696 Calvert Co., MD
||m. Anne Dalrymple (no children) (dau. of Willam
|Ann Brasseur/Brashear*||b. VA||d .||m. c1685 ?William Dalrymple JR. (son. of Willam Dalrymple Sr.)|
|Susannah Brasseur/Brashear*||b. 1650 Nansemond Co.,VA||d. 1692 Anne Arundel Co., MD||m. 1679 Mareen Duvall|
|Elizabeth Brasseur/Brashear*||b. c1654 Nansemond Co.,VA||d. 17 Jan 1728/29 Baltimore , MD||m. John Sellman (lived in Anne Arundel Co., MD|
|Martha Brasseur/Brashear*||b. after1658 Nansemond Co.,VA||d. 1688 .||m. (at age 16) Henry Kent Jr.|
|Mary Brasseur/Brashear*||b. 1660 Calvert Co., MD||d. 23 Jan 1702 Prince Georges Co., MD||m. c1688 Christopher Ellis|
"The given name of Benjamin's wife was Mary, but her maiden name has not been established. It is possible, however, that she was Mary Richford, whose passage to the new World is known to have been paid by Benjamin." [Back p.3]
In reading material from "Seventeenth Century Colonial Ancestors"said that he was Benjamin Brasseur, the emigrant from the Isle of Thanet, Eng. Kent; but originally from France .
1637 - Benjamin arrived in the Colonies sometime before 1638 and settled in the Upper Norfolk County which soon became Nansemond County, Virginia. At the time of Benjamin's arrival with his brother Robert, there were only few thousand persons in the colonies. George Washington's great-grandfather observed his fourth birthday, and the Declaration of Independence was not to be signed for a hundred and thirty-nine years. [Back p.6]
24 Feb 1638- Robert Brasseur files a land-lease contract with Peter Rey" for six hundred acres on "Warrisquick Creeke.. and butting upon Nanzemund river" Robert is linked is several later documents to Benjamin as his brother. [VA Land Patents, Book 1, p.622]
1633, 12 Apr - A patent was issued for three hundred acres to Benjamin Brashear. (origina patent apparently has not survived.)
1653, April 12 - Another patent was issued to Robert for twelve hundred acres "in the County Nanzemond at the head of the southern branch of Nanzemond river"
These patents were intended to reimburse
the colonist for the cost of the passage. Each person that paid
their own way or the passage of another was given fifty acres.
Robert's patent was for twenty-four persons including "Robert
Brasseur, Florence his wife, Mary Brasseur, Persid (undoubtedly
intended for the French feminine name "Perside") Brasseur,
Kathe. Brasseur, Bennet Brasseur." Along with these Brasseurs
were also "Marg. Stockwell, Geo. Juory,... W. Wroten, Tho.
Parker, Jno. Sutton, Jon. Stephens, Step Dordan, Jon. Loyd, Jon.
Bott., Symon Iron, Jon. Barefield, Eliz. Patemen, Geo. Daldye,
Wm. Ball, Nicho. Maroise (?), Tho. Pursell, Ra. Ellis, and Jon.
[VA Land Patents, Book 3, p. 33]
1653, 14 April - A land claim is issued for "Benjamin Brafseure"
for three hundred acres on "or being at the head of a Creeke
called Indian Creeke being a branch of the western branch of
Nancemond river...joining the land of M. John Ganat." This grant
was made for paying the cost of transporting six persons into the
Colony. These transportation costs gave the person "headrights" to
fifty acres a person. Although the patent itself was dated as 12
April 1633 it wasn't registered until 14 April of 1653. Signed by
Edward Diggs Esq. [VA Land Patents, Book 3, p.33]
Including Richard Batemen, Charles Drurey, Hugh Edwards, Humphry Evan, John Harris, Mary Richford, John Sutton.
on this same date - , for headrights "Robert Brasseur with Florence Brasseur his wife , and
Mary Brasseur. Persid (Preside) Brasseur, Kathe Brasseur and
Bennett Brasser" were given land patents for a total of
twelve hundred acres [VA Land Patents, Book 3, p.33]
Also on the list is John Abby, William Ball, William Ball(perhaps Jr.), John Barefield, Peter Besairdier, Reeve Besairdier, John Bott, Bennet Brasseur, George Daldye, Ra Ellis, George Ivory, John Loyd, Nicholas Moroise, Thomas Parker, Elizabeth Pateman, Thomas Pursell, John Stephens,
1658 - Probably due to Maryland's more liberal laws on religious freedom Benjamin moves to Calvert County, Province of Maryland. He may have moved up the Chesapeake Bay by boat to settle on 1150- acres plantation known locally as "Upper Bennett." The plantation had been surveyed in 1651, for Richard Bennett, a Virginia merchant and a devout Puritan. This deed was one of several plots that seem to have been reserved for Puritan believers under Richard Bennett's guidance. [Back p.6]
1660 - Benjamin is called for jury duty. (this is the earliest known remaining record of Benjamin in Maryland, most other records were probably destroyed in one of several fires in Calvert Co. Court House) [Maryland Archives, Vol 41, p.419]
1661- He is selected to be Justice of the Peace.
1662, Dec 4 - application for citizenship is filed.
TO ALL PERSONS to whome these presents shall come, GREETINGE in our Lord God Everlasting:
WHEREAS, Benois Brasseuir,
late of Virginia and Subject of the Crowne of France, having transported himeselfe, his
wife, and children
into this Province here to inhabite, hath besought us to grant
hime, the said Benois Brasseuir, leave here to inhabite, and, as
a free dennizen, freedome land to hime and his heires to
purchase; KNOWE yee that wee, willing to give due encouragement
to other subjects of that Crowne, doe hereby declare them, the
said Benois Brasseuir, his wife and children, as well those
allready borne as those therafter to bee borne, to bee free
dennizens of this our Province of Maryland; and doe further for
us, our heires & successors straightly enjoyne, constitute,
ordeine and command the said Benois Brasseuir be in all things
held, treated reputed, and esteemed as one of the faythfull
people of us, our heires and successors, borne with this our
Province of Maryland, and likewise any lands, tenaments,
revenues, services, and other heriditam'ts whatsoever with our
said Province of Maryland, freely, quietly, and peaceably have
and possess, occupie, and enjoy as our faythfull people, borne
or to bee borne with our said Province of the Maryland , without
the lett, molestatione, vexacon, trouble, or grievance of us,
our heires, and successsors, any custome to the contrary hereof
of any wise not withstanding.
GIVEN at St. Marys, under the Greate Seale of our said Province of Maryland, this fourth day of Decemb'r, in the one and thirtyth yeare of our dominion over the said Province, Annoq Domini one thowsand six hundred sixty-two.
WITNESS our deare son and heire, Charles Calvert, Esq'r, our Leiuetenn't of our said Province of Maryland.
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