Col. Moses Kirkland "The Tory"
d.c1787 on a voyage to England from Jamaica (KSB v2 190, 192, 202)
1m.. Patience Raiford b. 1756 ?SC
her father: Isaac Raiford
2m. Catherine Bruce1783 in Jamaica
|Child with Patience Raiford|
|Moses Kirkland JR.||b c1763||d|| m. Lucretia Cotton
(her 2m. to Benj. Srenton)( nc)
|Child with Catherine Bruce|
|Richard Bruce Kirkland||b. 1783-7||d.||m Sarah|
c 1749 - He married Patience Raiford and lived in Calhoun Co., west
of the Congaree River, then known as the Camden Dist. Calhoun County
was not formed until 1908 from Richland County.
[ A History of Richland Co., Edwin L. Green, vol 1, 1732-1805, Regional Pub. Co. 1974 Baltimore]
Patience R. seems correct , this marrriage was the first marriage with the notorious Moses Kirkland. Second wife married in Jamaica, was Catherine Bruce. (re LDS records, Martha Raiford m. Kirkland abt 1779 (b. 1756)[KSBR v2 p356,-8]
c1750 - Moses Kirkland Jr., his first son is born.
1765 Act. This Act established a ferry from New Windsor to Augusta.
"By The same Act a ferry was established from the ferry of Moses Kirkland to the opposite shore on Saludy River, so spelled in the olf printed Act. The same Moses Kirkland became somewhat celebrated in after years as Agent of the Brintish and Tories, acting in concert with John Stuart in rousing the Cherokees to attack their boders settlements at the same time the attack on Fort Moultrie was made." [Chapman. p. 16]
30 Nov 1764- Leah Townsend, Patience Kirkland, Martha Goodwin, John
Pearson, Isaac Raiford & William Tucker are listed among early
members of Congaree Church. Note that the list does not include Moses
Kirkland but rather his wife as a member of the congregation. Isaac
Raiford is another relative of the Kirkland family.
[South Carolina Baptist 1670-1805, p. 143]
Moses Kirkland was the most notorious of the brothers. Moses was
"naturally acquisitive and hardriving, Kirkland was not above selling
rum to the Indians and dealing in fraudulent land warrants, he soon
accumulated numerous tracts of land in the interior, built a sawmill,
ran a ferry on the lower Saluda until he had accumulated the labor of
enough slaves to develop a large tract on the tributary of Stevens
Creek, a branch of the Savannah." He eventually becomes a Colonel in
the Loyalist Army.
It may be unfair to consider Moses as a Loyalist, my own assessment is that he was more interested in his own welfare than any particular cause. He and his family had been important settlers of the South Carolina backcounty on the fringe border of Cherokee indian territory. One of the Kirkland family is said to have even married and Indian woman. He had been very active as an organizer of Regulators around the 1760's. Many of the people who associated with the Regulators were given a pardon for their activities about 1769. The list included William Kirkland, Francis Kirkland, John Kirkland, and John Roden but no Moses Kirkland.
Moses Kirkland sided with the group know as the Nonassociators. The Nonassociators, also known as the Counter-Association, had believed that King George "had not acted inconsistent with subversive of the principles of the Constitution of the British Empire," and that they saw no reason to "take up arms against him" or to renounce allegiance to him. [McMaster 36] This Provincial Congress's Association was lead by William Henry Drayton and Reverend William Tennet of Charlestown. The back country folks were very suspicious of the Charlestown folks who made the rounds of the various German, Scot, and Irish Quaker settlements and "harangued" them for several days to no avail. Drayton and Tennent's sermons and sales pitch was shortly followed by Robert and Patrick Cunningham and Moses Kirkland who gave their side of the Provincial Congress proposal. When persuasion was not seen to work by Drayton he treatened force and sent small groups out to seize the key leaders of the king's supporters. Moses Kirkland undertook the mission of aquiring ammunition and support of Governor Campbell but Drayton had set guards to intercept anyone coming from the backcountry. Moses slips into Charleston with his twelve year old son. The Governor was so impressed that he sent the two of them north on the sloop-of-war Tamar to convince General Gage in Boston of the need for military support for the back country. His ship was captured by a privateer under Capt. Manley, the rebel schooner, the Lee, and he was taken under guard to Gen. George Washington's headquarters at Cambridge, to 1 Jan 1776. Then he was taken to Philadelphia and imprisoned. The documents that he was carrying were sent back to Charlestown where they were published marking him as a traitor to the American independence cause. When Drayton and the Council of Safety proved by a ruse that Governor Campbell was also against the call for independence he fled to the Tamar to avoid arrest. Due to Drayton's increasingly aggressive tactics Robert Cunningham was able to raise an army of 1200 men for the support of the Nonassociators. [McMaster 40 -41] Moses escapes from prison 1 June 1776 and travels in disguise to the Jerseys and Md., later sailed to Virginia and to British West Florida and finally removes to Jamaica where he remarries and has another son. (more details in documents below) After the Revolution he and his wife are hard pressed to reclaim his property and has to go through the newly elected government to get compensation. The document below was filed by his widow.
Colonel Moses Kirkland is a member of the king's army and directs
one of six battalions from South Carolina. He is a loyal Tory
distributing propaganda and fighting the colonialist. He just missed
the colonialist slaughter of the king's army at King's Mountain, South
[King's Mountain and it's heros, History of King's Mtn, Oct. 7, 1780, Lyman C. Dragar. LLD. reprinted Genealogical Pub. Co. Inc. Baltimore, 1974]
"Moses Kirkland had come from the north to seattle on Wateree Creek
in 1752. He kept a small store and tavern and was accused of selling
liquor to Catawaba Indians. He later settled in the Fork of the Broad
and Saluda Rivers where he set up an important mill. During the
Regulator movement, Kirkland was a leading figure among the Regulators.
He wrote a violent attack upon Joseph Curry as one who tried to protect
himself from Backcountry anger by a pretended conversion to Regulator
principles. During the American Rev. Kirkland he became an influential
[ Council Journal, July 29, 1768, South Caro. Gazette. Apr. 18, 1768]
[Hooker, Richard J. ed. The Carolina Backcountry on the Eve of the RevolutionThe Journal of Charles Woodmen, Anglican Itenerant, Univ. of N. Caro. Press, Chapel Hill, 1953]
1782, Mar 16-20 - Royal Gazette
Moses Kirkland's estate confiscated by an act of the Rebel Assembly at Jacksonburgh. (His was class V, meaning those who had borne commissions, civil or military, under the British Government, since the conquest of Province.) [KSB. vol 1, p. 46]
1783- Sept. 13 - Moses starts the proceeding to regain his property in South Carolina and does a good deal of the paperwork for it. It does not get finalized until after his death by his widow.
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